Interfaces, Delegation & Composition vs Multiple Inheritance & Duck Typing

Kotlin has Interface, Abstract Classes and Delegation, while Python has multiple inheritance. Different tools, same problems.  The different tools reflect an evolution of what Object Oriented best summed up by: Composition over inheritance. The rethink, the new concepts and how to use them are explained here. Abstract Classes Interfaces:  Duck Typing with Safety Multiple Interfaces… Continue reading Interfaces, Delegation & Composition vs Multiple Inheritance & Duck Typing

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Language Popularity?

Support for a language is dependant on the popularity of that language.  But how do you measure popularity? Is it the most liked, must used simply most discussed?  If  Hitler may be the most discussed person from world war II, then consider that by some measures, that would make Hitler the most popular? What is… Continue reading Language Popularity?

Closures, methods, static methods, class methods

Everything you ever wondered about closures, and a few things more: Closures: just what are closures? Closures as code, packaged with parameters Methods as closures: Python Methods as closures: Kotlin Static Methods class level methods/companion object methods Closures: just what are closures? Lets start with an example, and then discuss how it works. The function… Continue reading Closures, methods, static methods, class methods

OOP: Using Kotlin to improve OOP Skills

Ok, Object Oriented Programming (OOP)is not exactly new, and there are lots of pages on OOP on the web.  This page comes from a background of both Python and Kotlin, and how improved programming styles offered by Kotlin can change how you program.  Although Kotlin automates newer techniques and provides assistance coding, you can 'backport'… Continue reading OOP: Using Kotlin to improve OOP Skills

Building in Intellij IDEA

This program is relevant for building your first "hello world" and first sample kotlin apps.  However, once you have even hello world running, it is recommended now to move to gradle for building, even when building with Intellij. The topics for this page: Introduction: why use Intellij at all. The Roles on an IDE What… Continue reading Building in Intellij IDEA

Python to Kotlin: Variables and Types

Contents: python kotlin boxed objects vs unboxed primitives None, Nothing, Unit and null null safety Python Variables and Types As explained in the background, all values in python are objects stored in dynamic 'heap' memory, and variables are simply references to these objects. This means the only static or stack frame based information for any… Continue reading Python to Kotlin: Variables and Types

Nullable, null, None, Unit, Nothing and void: the many faces of nothing

Python has only one way of saying 'there is nothing here':  None.  Java has the keyword 'void' and the value 'null', kotlin has Unit, Nothing and null.  What is the actual difference in meaning for all of these? Python None Kotlin Unit, null and Nothing Java void and null The concept of 'Nullable' Null Safety… Continue reading Nullable, null, None, Unit, Nothing and void: the many faces of nothing